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Dog Breeds - Why They Matter, and How They Came About

 There is a fantastic sort of dog breeds today, with new ones emerging per annum . In fact, it's estimated that there are around 800 breeds of dog, though only 150 of those are really widespread throughout the planet .
DNA testing shows that dogs evolved from wolves around 15,000 years ago after humans began selectively breeding them. Today, there's probably no other sort of animal on the earth that's so diverse in terms of appearance while still remaining one species.
One dog breed can look totally different from another dog breed in several parts of the planet - just compare a Chihuahua to an excellent Dane, for instance .
So why should any of this interest any owner?
Because, besides coming in wildly different shapes and sizes, dogs even have equally diverse skills and temperaments, thanks to the aforementioned centuries of human-controlled breeding and selection. Their health requirements and vulnerabilities vary from breed to breed also . 
These factors should play a big part when you're choosing the proper dog breed for you.
Generally, each dog breed will fall under one among several functional categories:
1. Companion dog - this sort of dog wasn't bred for work or utility, but to act as a companion. While members of just about any dog breed can act as companions, it's generally accepted that the smaller, toy breeds are the foremost representative of this category, since they were specifically bred to hold out this particular function.
Popular dogs of this sort include the Pomeranian, the Chihuahua, and therefore the Pekingese.
2. watchdog - A dog breed that falls into this category has been specifically developed to protect against unexpected or unwanted people and animals.
A watch dog barks to alert its owner to an intruder's presence; a watchdog goes further by attacking or restraining the intruder. Famous exponents of this category include the German shepherd , the Doberman , the American Bulldog, and therefore the working dog .
3. dog - These breeds were created to assist during hunting. The category are often further divided into these subtypes: hounds (sighthounds and scenthounds), terriers (for vermin and little mammals), gun dogs (retrievers, flushing spaniels, pointing breeds) and cur type dogs (for boars and raccoons).
Popular hunting breeds include English English cocker spaniel , the Whippet, the retriever , the Beagle, and therefore the Scotch terrier .
4. Herding dog - Also referred to as stock dogs, this category includes a number of the foremost intelligent breeds. A dog breed of this sort is a pastoral aid, herding sheep, cattle, and other livestock. they're well-known for his or her ability to be trained to reply to whistles or spoken commands.
Various breeds are independently developed round the world, through the centuries. Some famous examples include the Border collie , the Cardigan corgi , and therefore the Bouvier des Flandres.
5. sledge dog - These breeds, also referred to as sledge dogs or sleightman dogs, are used for transportation, capable of pulling sleds over vast expanses of snow or ice. they're renowned for his or her extreme endurance and speed.
Well-known examples include the Siberian husky , the malamute , and therefore the Samoyed.
As you'll see, there's an enormous amount of variety during this single species. When selecting a dog, do some research about the breed's temperament and overall health outlook.
In general, larger breeds tend to be especially susceptible to hip dysplasia, while small dogs tend to suffer from knee cap dislocation.
Dog breeds with deep chests, including Basset Hounds, Labrador Retrievers, and Great Danes, tend to be vulnerable to bloat. Meanwhile, dogs with "snub" faces (brachycephalic breeds) like the Pug, the Pekingese, the Shih-Tzu, and therefore the Bulldog, are susceptible to problems with their breathing and eyelids, susceptibility to heat stress, and dental problems.
Take everything into consideration when choosing your pet, and do not just continue looks alone. Knowing the unique traits of your dog's breed will better prepare you for a satisfying and happy life together with your chosen companion

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